Linux install command
I did not know the Linux
install command before.
This install program copies files (often just compiled) into destination locations you choose.
Let’s see how it can be useful.
The classic way
It’s a common pattern to create a directory or to copy a file while setting the permissions and the ownership–I will keep only the directory example but it goes the same with the file. The common pattern to do that is to run two commands
- Create the directory with
mkdirand set the permissions
- Set ownership of the directory with
Here is a typical example.
Say we are
root and we want to create a directory (
test) with a specific mode (
0700) and give the ownership to
Note I’m using the verbose flag (
v) which is very convenient to check what is going on without looking to the directory.
# create a directoryn with the mkdir -v -m 0700 /tmp/test # mkdir: created directory 'test' chown -v vagrant:vagrant /tmp/test # changed ownership of '/tmp/test' from root:root to vagrant:vagrant
The same result can be obtained in a single
install -v -d -m 0600 -o vagrant -g vagrant /tmp/test # install: creating directory '/tmp/test' # checking stat -c "%n %U:%G %a" /tmp/test/ # /tmp/test/ vagrant:vagrant 600
install is not revolutionary however it’s good to know and it could be convenient to use it for example in